Section I. Questions about Canada
are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada?
inhabitants of Canada. Thought to have come across a landbridge at the
Behring straits. Commonly known as the First Nations
are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples?
the Government they are:
which parts of Canada did the Aboriginal peoples first live?
Depending on the
viewpoint it was either in the Northern Territories or right across the
Southern portion of Canada.
did the Aboriginal peoples living in your region depend on for survival?
farming and trading
whom are the Métis descended?
They are of
mixed blood. Mainly Native, French and Scot
what industry did the Métis first work with European settlers?
group of Aboriginal peoples make up more than half the population of the
Northwest Territories and Nunavut?
are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working toward self-government?
To keep their unique
cultures and languages alive and to regain control over decisions that
affect their lives
Where did the first European settlers in Canada come from?
settlement was a Viking one around 1012 AD .
did the early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?
To fish and
trade with the Native people.
are the Acadian people?
They were the
first French Settlers
three industries helped the early settlers build communities in the Atlantic
Fishing and Shipbuilding
were the United Empire Loyalists?
People of all
races and creed who fled the United States after the American Revolution.
did the United Empire Loyalists come to Canada?
1775 to 1783
did settlers from France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence
In the early
which type of industry did most early European settlers work?
trade spread across Canada, making it important to the economy for over 300
The Fur Trade
form of transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use to create
trading networks in North America?
long did the Hudson's Bay Company control the northern lands?
(1600's to the 1900's)
important trade did the Hudson's Bay Company control?
The Fur Trade
did thousands of miners first come to the Yukon?
Gold Rush in the late 1800's
did the government do to make immigration to western Canada much easier?
Railway and offered cheap land
group of people were important in the building of the Canadian Pacific
only the Chinese.
was the Canadian Pacific Railway finished?
1885 the last spike of the CPR was driven home by Donald Smith at
did the federal government do to encourage people to settle in the Prairie
provinces during the early 1900s?
at cheap prices
does Confederation mean?
together of seperate nations in an equal partnership as a new country
is the Canadian Constitution?
system of laws and conventions by which the country governs itself.
what year did Canada become a country?
document made Confederation legal?
North American act of 1867
document first defined the responsibilities of the federal and provincial
North American Act
did the British North America Act come into effect?
is the British North America Act important in Canadian history?
it was the document that created Canada
four provinces first formed the Confederation?
each province and territory and tell when each one joined the Confederation.
was the last province to join Canada?
is Canada Day and what does it celebrate?
July 1st It is the
anniversary of Confederation
was the first prime minister of Canada?
Sir. John A
is the Constitution Act of 1982 important in Canadian history?
In 1982, the new Constitution Act allowed Canadians
to change the Constitution without asking the British government's approval.
This is the year when the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
became part of the Canadian Constitution.
part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the
two fundamental freedoms protected by the
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
freedoms, such as freedom of thought, freedom of speech, and freedom of
three legal rights protected by the Canadian
Charter of Rights and Freedoms
rights, such as the right to vote;
such as the right to a fair trial;
rights, such as the right to protection against discrimination;
rights, such as the right to live and work anywhere in Canada;
four rights Canadian citizens have.
candidate in federal, provincial and territorial elections;
in either official language;
Apply for a
federal, provincial and territorial elections; and
leave Canada freely.
three ways in which you can protect the environment.
Throw waste paper or
other garbage in designated public garbage containers. Recycle and re-use
as many products as possible, such as paper, glass and cans. Walk, join a
car pool, or use a bicycle or public transit whenever possible. Get involved
with a local group to protect our natural and cultural heritage
has the right to apply for a Canadian passport?
has the right to enter and leave Canada at will?
has the right to be considered first for a job in the federal government?
does equality under the law mean?
All men will
be treated equally
does "mobility rights" mean?
The right to
live and work anywhere in Canada
six responsibilities of citizenship.
Vote in elections;
Help others in the
Care for and
protect our heritage and environment;
Obey Canada's laws;
freely while respecting the rights and freedoms of others; and
Eliminate discrimination and injustice.
an example of how you can care for Canada's natural heritage.
community group such as an environmental group
will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship?
That you will be
faithfull and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth the
Second, Queen of Canada, Her Heirs and Successors, and that you will
faithfully observe the laws of Canada and fulfil your duties as a Canadian
how a citizenship right can also be seen as a citizenship responsibility --
for example, the right to vote.
an example of how you can show responsibility by participating in your
Volunteer to work on an election campaign for a candidate of
with others to solve problems in your community.
Become a candidate in an election
legal document recognizes the cultural diversity of Canadians?
Charter of Rights and Freedoms
are the two official languages of Canada?
legal documents protect the rights of Canadians with regard to official
Constitution and the Official Languages Act
an example of where English and French have equal status in Canada.
English and French
have equal status in the Parliament of Canada, in federal courts and in all
do most French-speaking Canadians live?
(followed by Ontario)
province has the most bilingual Canadians?
province is the only officially bilingual province?
does the Canadian flag look like?
A rectangle with three equal vertical bars.
The two outside bars are red and the inside one is white. In the white
(inside) bar there is a red maple leaf
song is Canada's national anthem?
the first two lines of Canada's national anthem.
home and native land!
does the name "Canada" come from?
In 1535, two Indian youths used the Huron-Iroquois word "kanata,"
which means "village" or "settlement," to tell Jacques Cartier the way to
Stadacona (site of present-day Québec City). Cartier used "Canada" to refer
not only to Stadacona, but also to the entire area subject to Donnacona,
Chief at Stadacona. By 1547, the first world map to show the discoveries
made on Cartier's second voyage applied the word "Canada" to the area north
of the gulf and river St. Lawrence. By 1550, maps were also placing the name
south of the river. The first use of "Canada" as an official name came in
1791 when the Constitutional Act (or Canada
Act) divided Québec, then considerably larger, into the provinces
of Upper Canada and Lower Canada. In 1841, they were united to become the
Province of Canada. At the time of Confederation, the new country took the
name of Canada.
animal is an official symbol of Canada?
is the tower in the centre of the Parliament buildings called?
unique art form was developed by the First Nations people on the West Coast?
is the North sometimes called the "Land of the Midnight Sun"?
Because of the suns
position low on the horizon during summer. Due to the tilt of the earth the
sun does not set at the high northern latitudes
act of Parliament was required to create a new territory in Canada's North.
What is the name of the new territory?
is the population of Canada?
three oceans border on Canada?
many provinces and territories are there in Canada?
is the capital city of Canada?
all the provinces and territories and their capital cities.
Edward Island Charlottetown
British Columbia Victoria
Northwest Territories Yellowknife
the five regions of Canada.
are the provinces of Central Canada?
are the provinces of the Atlantic Region?
are the Prairie provinces?
are the territories of northern Canada?
one province that is on the Atlantic coast of Canada.
a province on the Pacific coast of Canada.
region covers more than one-third of Canada?
do more than half the people in Canada live?
Southern part of Canada. It is claimed that most Canadians live within 100km
of the border
of all Canadians live in which province?
is the Canadian Shield?
The land in northern
Quebec and Ontario is part of the Canadian Shield, a rock
formation that is
millions of years old. Canada is one of the world's leading producers of
minerals because of the rich deposits of gold, silver, nickel, zinc, copper
and iron ore found in the ancient rock of the Shield.
The Shield is
covered by forests, and part of Canada's major pulp and paper industry
relies on the trees of this region. Some of the vast freshwater resources of
Where is the Canadian Shield?
in Ontario and Quebec
are the Canadian Rockies?
Border between Alberta and British Columbia
are the Great Lakes?
On the border
between the United States and Canada.The Great Lakes only touch the Province
are the names of the Great Lakes?
is the St. Lawrence Seaway?
Eastern end of Lake Ontario. It joins the St.Lawrence river to the Atlantic
two mountain ranges in Canada.
territory shares a border with another country?
Territory (borders Alaska)
province is known as the "Land of 100,000 Lakes"?
provinces are joined to New Brunswick by land?
which ocean is Newfoundland closest?
mountain range forms a border between Alberta and British Columbia?
two provinces are closest to Prince Edward Island?
and New Brunswick
province in Canada is the smallest in land size?
are the Parliament buildings located?
country borders Canada on the south?
are the three main types of industries in Canada?
Natural resources, manufacturing and services
what sorts of jobs do most Canadians work?
Over 70% have
jobs in the service industries
country is Canada's largest trading partner?
are the Great Lakes important to Canada?
As a source
of trading as well as a fresh water source for people and industries
is the St. Lawrence Seaway important to Canada?
Ships from all over
the world reach the Great Lakes from the Atlantic Ocean by way of the St.
Lawrence Seaway. The Seaway makes it possible for ocean-going ships to
travel on the St. Lawrence River and the small rivers between the Great
is the Canadian Shield important to Canada's economy?
mineral deposits and the vast forest region
four important minerals found in the Canadian Shield.
Gold, silver, nickel, zinc, copper and iron ore
province is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world?
region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?
region of Canada is known for both its fertile agricultural land and
valuable energy resources?
two provinces produce more than three-quarters of Canadian manufactured
province is the biggest producer of metals in Canada?
province is Canada's main producer of pulp and paper?
province has the largest dairy farming industry in Canada?
province has the most valuable forest industry in Canada?
province is Canada's major producer of oil and gas?
province is Canada's leading wheat producer?
province is Canada's largest producer of hydroelectricity?
two fuels provide about one-half of all the energy used in Canada?
products from southern Ontario are among Canada's key exports?
the auto industry
three minerals still being mined in the territories today.
city provides important shipping and air links between Canada and other
countries across the Pacific Ocean?
products are produced in the Niagara Peninsula?
than half of Canada's aeronautics and space industries are located in which
what is the Okanagan Valley famous?
Orchards (but try the Wine)
fish is a valuable industry on the West Coast?
is Canada's Head of State?
Queen Elizabeth II
is the Queen's representative in Canada?
is the name of the Governor General?
do you call the Queen's representative in the provinces and territories?
is Canada's system of government called?
are the three parts of Parliament?
The House of
are the three levels of government in Canada?
how the three levels of government are different.
In general, the
federal government takes major responsibility for matters that affect all of
Canada. These include national defence, foreign policy and citizenship.
territorial governments look after such matters as education, health
care and highways.
They share responsibilities with the federal government in some areas.
The municipal (or
local) governments of each city or community are responsible for matters
such as policing, firefighting, snow removal and recycling programs.
two levels of government and explain how they are different.
Governments look after such matters as education, health care and
highways in the
province which effects all the people who live in that Province.
The municipal (or
local) governments of each city or community are responsible for local
matters which effect only the citizens of that area.
two responsibilities for each level of government.
Federal government - National defence, foreign policy and
Provincial government - education, health care and highways.
Municipal (or local) government - Policing, firefighting, snow
do you call a law before it is passed?
does a bill become a law?
To become law, a
bill must be approved by majorities in the House of Commons and in the
is the final step before a bill becomes a law?
majority of MPs and senators have approved a bill,the Governor General
gives final approval and the bill becomes
do the initials MP stand for in Canadian politics?
are members of Parliament chosen?
citizens go to the polls to elect their local representative
do members of Parliament represent?
An elected MP
represents everyone who lives in his or her electoral district, even the
people who did not vote for the MP
does a member of Parliament do?
your ideas when new laws are being proposed;
questions about the government on your behalf
Helps you if
you need information from the government or if you have any problem
is an "electoral district"?
district is a geographical area represented by a member of the House of
many electoral districts are there in Canada?
what electoral district do you live?
four requirements must you meet in order to vote in a federal election?
At least 18
Be on the
National Register of Electors
Have a Notice
of Confirmation of Registration
is a Notice of Confirmation of Registration?
notice tells you when and where to vote
is a polling station?
designated building or area where you may cast your vote
is a ballot?
A piece of
paper which has the names of the local candidates on it.
is written on an election ballot?
The ballot lists the
names of the candidates in your electoral district in alphabetical order.
do you mark on a federal election ballot?
in the circle beside the name of your chosen candidate
does voting by secret ballot mean?
This means that no
one can watch you vote and no one should look at your marked ballot.
has the right to vote in federal elections?
Citizen over the age of 18
has the right to run as a candidate in federal elections?
citizen over the age of 18
do Canadians vote for in a federal election?
people in each electoral district vote for the candidate of their choice
is the government formed after an election?
After an election,
the party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power.
The leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister and
the party in power run the government as long as they have the support of
the majority of the Members of Parliament (MPs), in the House of Commons
How is the prime minister chosen?
Minister is normally the leader of the party with the majority of votes cast
does an election have to be held according to the Constitution?
Canada's Constitution, an election must be held within five years of the
do political parties do?
A political party is
a group of people who share ideas about how the government should work
Members of political
parties help to: decide on the party platform; choose the party leader;
choose the party's candidates; and campaign for party candidates in
does "party platform" mean?
political parties hold meetings where they discuss their ideas and
develop plans for what they would do if their candidates were elected to
form the government. The plans they make are called the party platform.
all the federal political parties represented in the House of Commons and
Liberal - Stephane Dion
Conservative Party - Stephan Harper
Quebecois - Gilles Duceppe
Democratic Party - Jack Layton
Which federal political party is in power?
which party does your member of Parliament belong?
does it mean for a political party to "be in power"?
They have won
the most "seats" in an election and have formed the Goverment. Their brief
is to manage the affairs of the country on a daily basis.
are the parties that are not in power called?
party becomes the Official Opposition?
with the second largest amount of MP's.
is the role of the Opposition parties?
The role of
the Opposition parties is to oppose or try to improve government proposals.
party is the Official Opposition at the federal level?
is a political candidate?
A citizen who is seeking election to the parliament based on a set
of principles they believe in.
do you call a candidate who does not belong to a political party?
is a Cabinet minister?
The Prime Minister
chooses several MPs to become Cabinet ministers. Cabinet
responsible for running the federal government departments. The
Prime Minister and
the Cabinet ministers are called the Cabinet, and they make
about how to run the country. They also propose most new laws. Their
decisions can be questioned by all MPs in the House of Commons
are senators chosen?
The people who serve
in the Senate are chosen by the Prime Minister and appointed by the Governor
can a party in power be defeated in Parliament?
At the polls or by
being out-voted in a motion If a majority of the MPs vote against a major
government decision, the party in power where he is defeated. The Prime
Minister resigns and a new election is usually held
What is the name of
the Prime Minister of Canada?
is the name of your member of Parliament?
can you contact your member of Parliament?
Telephone, Mail, E-mail, Constituency Office, Internet.
do provincial members of the legislative or national assemblies represent?
The voters of
the province or riding that they are elected to represent
level of government passes "by-laws"?
Section II. Questions about your region
did settlers from Europe first come to your region?
were the first settlers in the area where you live?
did the early Europeans come to your region in the 1600s, 1700s, 1800s or
To escape the
is the capital city of the province or territory in which you live?
are the major industries of your city, province and region today?
Nickel, gold, silver, platinum, uranium, zinc and copper
is the most valuable manufacturing industry in your region today?
three minerals found in your region.
three natural resources important to your region's economy today.
the activities that are important to the tourism industry in your region.
has always been important to the economy in your region?
is your city councillor, alderperson, reeve or regional councillor?
Regional Councillor - Kurt Franklin
City Councillor - Kurt Franklin and Janice Wright
is the name of your mayor?
is the name of your provincial representative (member of the Legislative
Assembly, member of the provincial Parliament, member of the National
Assembly or member of the House of Assembly)?
is the name of the premier of your province?
political party is in power in your province or territory?
is the name of the leader of the Opposition in your province?
is the name of your lieutenant-governor or commissioner?